Artava-kshaya, which can be correlated with PCOS has been described as deficiency or loss of artava, artava does not appear in time or is delayed, is scanty and does not last for three days. Pain in vagina also can be seen. According to Ayurveda, Aartava-kshaya is a disorder involving Pitta and Kaphadoshas, Medas, Ambu/Rasa, Shukra/ArtavaDhatu and Rasa, Rakta, ArtavaVahaSrotas.
Therefore Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome can also be described with same involvement of Dosha, Dhatu and UpadhatuKapha predominance manifests as increased weight, subfertility, hirsutium, diabetic tendencies and coldness. Pitta predominance manifests as hair loss, acne, painful menses, clots and heart problems. Vata predominance manifests with painful menses, scanty or less menstrual blood and severe menstrual irregularity.
The pathology is an obstruction in the pelvic cavity (ApanaKshetra) causing disorders in the flow of Vata. This in turn leads to an accumulation of Kapha and Pitta.
The treatment principle is to clear obstruction in the pelvis, normalize metabolism and regulate the menstrual system (AartavaDhatu). Kapha reducing, insulin enhancing and hormone rebalancing drugs help to the relieve symptoms of Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome.